Eye Care
Myopia in children: Treatment, diagnosis, and prevention

Myopia in children: Treatment, diagnosis, and prevention

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is one of the world’s most serious eye health issues. Myopia is a growing problem. It is estimated that by 2050, 5 billion people will be myopic, or half the global population.

Myopia is not a problem that only affects the elderly. Nearly 1/3 of cases of myopia in children are untreated and undiagnosed.

It affects more children each year at an earlier age, disrupting their ability to learn, grow, and feel confident in the environment around them.

Myopia is a condition that can be detected and treated by regular eye examinations. We explain how myopia affects children and offer suggestions for helping your community’s kids see their potential.

What’s myopia?

Myopia is the most prevalent type of refractive error. Myopia is often called nearsightedness or shortsightedness. It affects distance vision. People with myopia see closer objects clearly but blurry objects farther away.

Myopia is when the eye is too large, or the lens (or cornea) is too small or curvy. This affects the ability of the retina to focus light, blurring distant objects.

What causes myopia in the eyes?

Myopia can be caused by many factors, including genetics and lifestyle.

Nearsightedness is more common in those whose parents are myopic. However, myopia is likely to rise due to some modern lifestyle changes.

According to the Canadian Association of Optometrists reports, studies have shown that myopia can be increased by close work, such as reading long hours of sitting in front of a computer screen.

Some evidence suggests that myopia can also be caused by a decreased time outdoors for children and adults.

Myopia in children

Myopia is usually detected in childhood. It accelerates through adolescence with a dramatic rise from grade 1 to 8 according to, the CAO.

The number of myopia-prone children has increased significantly over the past 20 years and is expected to grow. Myopia is also more common in younger children, according to current trends.

However, the most shocking statistic is that nearly 1/3 of myopic children don’t know why they have trouble seeing or how to fix it. Myopia is more common in children younger than adults. This can lead to serious consequences for their future.

What does myopia mean for children?

Myopia can have short- and long-term effects on children’s health, ability, and quality of life. It can lead to vision impairment or blindness, as well as increased risk for other eye problems.

Research shows that myopia at any level increases the likelihood of developing eye conditions such as macular degeneration, retinal detachment, glaucoma, and cataracts. The risk is even greater if you have high myopia.

It can also affect a child’s ability to interact with the world. Uncorrected myopia, which accounts for 80% of all learning, can significantly impact a child’s ability to learn. This can lead to a reduction in self-esteem and confidence.

Treatment and prevention of myopia

Regular eye examinations for children

Myopia can be stopped early detection and managed. It is important to have regular, thorough eye exams to delay the onset of myopia and reduce the risk of developing serious eye conditions later in life.

The comprehensive eye exam part of a complete eye exam does not include the basic health screenings for children and their eyes in school.

An eye exam should be done once a year for children and every two years for adults. ).

Signs and symptoms of myopia in children

Teachers and parents should be alert for any signs of vision problems in children. These include:

  • Headaches complaints
  • Inability to concentrate
  • To see clearly, you can squint or partially close your eyes.
  • Difficulty spotting distant objects (such as the whiteboard in front of the classroom).
  • Sitting near the TV or in front of the class.

Even if these symptoms are not apparent, it is important to schedule an annual comprehensive eye exam for your children.

Healthy lifestyle habits

Research suggests that children who spend more time outside may be less likely to have myopia. According to the Canadian Association of Optometrists, children should spend at most 1.5 hours outdoors every day.

Teachers and parents should encourage children to take frequent vision breaks while reading or watching screen time.

Myopia is an increasing problem in children. We can all do our part to ensure that they can see clearly and confidently in all aspects of their lives. Have your children’s eyes examined, encourage your family and friends to schedule annual eye exams, as well as spread the word about the importance and value of regular eye examinations.

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