Eye Care
Are your eyes affected by diabetes?

Are your eyes affected by diabetes?

Yes. If you have diabetes, it is important to schedule regular eye doctor appointments. High blood sugar may lead to blurry vision and cataracts. It can also cause retinopathy, Glaucoma, Glaucoma and blurry eyes. Diabetes is the main cause of blindness among adults aged 20-74.

Blurry Vision

If you notice blurred vision, don’t rush to buy new glasses. This could be due to a minor problem such as high blood glucose. You may experience blurred vision due to swelling of your lens.

You must correct this problem by getting your blood sugar into the target range. This is 70-130 mg/dL (or mg/dL) before meals and 180 mg/dL within 2 hours. Your vision may not return to its normal state for 3 months.

Tell your eye doctor. If this is a sign of a larger problem, they can tell you.

Cataracts

Your internal lens allows your eye to see and focus on images, much like a camera. If the lens becomes cloudy or looks like a stained window, it is called a c cataractAnyone can acquire them, but people with diabetes are more likely to develop them.

Your eye won’t focus as it should if a part of your lens becomes cloudy. You may not be able to see well. You may experience blurred vision or glare.

A cataract can only be removed by surgery. The doctor will replace the cloudy lens with a new artificial one.

Glaucoma

Diabetes patients are more likely than others to develop Glaucoma. It can take many forms.

When fluid doesn’t drain properly, pressure builds up in your eye. This can cause vision changes and damage to nerves and blood vessels.

Medications are used to treat open-angle Glaucoma. This is the most common type. They reduce eye pressure, speed up drainage and reduce the amount of liquid in your eyes. This is what your doctor will refer to the as aqueous humor.

This type of Glaucoma can cause no symptoms until it is more advanced and you have significant vision impairment. It can be detected earlier by your doctor during an annual exam.

With less common forms of the disease, you might notice:

  • Headaches
  • Eye pain or eye aches
  • Blurred Vision
  • Watery eyes
  • Halos around light
  • Vision loss

Special eye drops and medicine can be used to treat the condition. Laser treatments and surgery can lower your eye pressure.

A rare condition known as neovascular-glaucoma is also more common in people with diabetes. New blood vessels are formed on your iris, which is the colored part of the eye. They reduce fluid flow and increase eye pressure.

Neovascular Glaucoma can be treated by reducing the number of blood vessels. Your doctor might use a laser to reduce blood vessels at the back of your eye or an anti-VEGF injection to lower eye pressure.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Your retina is a grouping of cells located on the backside of your eye that absorbs light. They convert it into images, which the optic nerve sends to your brain.

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by damage to your retina’s blood vessels. It is caused by high blood sugar. You could become blind if you don’t treat your diabetes early. Diabetes is more common if you wait to diagnose it. If you keep your blood sugar under control, you lower your chances.

People with type1 diabetes rarely develop the condition before puberty. It’s very rare for adults to get it unless they have had type1 diabetes for 5 years. This condition is much less likely if you have strict control over your blood sugar, whether using an insulin pump or multiple daily insulin shots.

Type 2 diabetes can lead to vision problems. To slow down or stop the progression of the disease, you need to control your blood sugar, high blood pressure, and cholesterol. Stop smoking. You’ll be able to see better and have better overall health.

You can also get this condition in other forms:

Background retinal degeneration. Although your blood vessels may be damaged, you can still see fine. It can get worse if you don’t manage your diabetes well.

  • Maculopathy. This occurs when diabetes affects the macula. The macula is the area of your retina that provides the best vision necessary for reading, driving, and other similar activities. The swelling may be easily reversible or more serious and difficult to treat.

Proliferative retinal disease. This happens when the cells in the back of the eye don’t receive enough oxygen, and new blood vessels begin to grow. Because they are fragile, they can break and cause a clot. This can lead to scarring and even pull your retina from the back of your eyes. It can become detached and cause vision impairment. This cannot be repaired. This condition can sometimes be treated. A laser procedure can be used to burn out the blood vessels. Surgery is also an option. It can prevent blindness for up to half of those with early retinopathy.

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